The virus is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes including the common Aedes aegypti and the invasive Asian Tiger Mosquito Aedes albopictus. Both vectors are present in the United States. There is no vaccine or specific treatment for the disease which cause fever over 102 degrees, severe joint and muscle pain and headache. Aspirin is given to lower fever and ease joint pain. Symptoms appear after 3-7 days and last a few days to a week. In some patients, especially the elderly and infants may develop complications. The disease can be debilitating but is rarely fatal.
The best control of the disease in outbreak areas is to control the vector on a large scale through the action of mosquito control districts. Individuals traveling to outbreak areas should wear mosquito repellents and protective clothing. More information about Chikungunya is available from the CDC.
The disease is spread by infected travelers. Preventing its spread requires vector control in outbreak areas to minimize the number of infected travelers and keeping infective individuals from contact with mosquito vectors. With increase in global travel comes increased potential for spread of disease. Preventing the spread depends on cooperation of individuals on a large scales