Concord, California treats bed bug infestations as a public nuisance and code violation. The police have enforcement powers. Once a bed bug complaint is filed, code enforcement sends a letter to the landlord who then has 10 days to respond to the letter and 30 days to hire an inspector and respond to the complaint. If response is not received within 10 days, a county inspector is sent. If the county finds bed bugs, the city begins levying fines against the landlord until the infestation is eradicated.
The program started as a pilot program that met mostly successful outcomes for both tenants and landlords. The program is being expanded and made permanent. One landlord has not successfully eradicated the bed bugs and he has recently been served with a warrant. That is some “tough love” enforcement. However, it may be necessary as resolving bed bug issues is neither easy nor cheap.