Addressing emerging epidemics with limited resources requires setting goals and priorities. The Zika Action Summit recommends these 10 Goals:
1. Vector Control and Surveillance
To target vector control programs in priority areas/at-risk populations to suppress Zika virus transmission if local cases or an outbreak is detected.Vector Control and Surveillance (Applies to area with Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus mosquitoes)
2. Public Health Surveillance and Epidemiological Investigation
To ensure adequate diagnosis and reporting of Zika virus cases; to monitor epidemiologic trends in distribution, transmission, and severity; to direct prevention and control efforts; and to identify cases that require follow up or intervention.
3. Laboratory Testing and Support Services
To ensure state and territorial health departments have the support needed to adequately test specimens from suspect Zika cases.
4. Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Zika Virus Infections
To reduce the risk of sexually transmitted Zika virus by providing guidance to the public regarding the risks and to clinicians so they may counsel their patients.
5. Prevention of Blood Transfusion–transmitted Zika Virus Infections
To reduce the risk of transfusion-transmitted Zika virus during a local or more widespread outbreak in areas with active transmission.
6. Maternal and Child Health Surveillance and Response
To prevent Zika virus infection during pregnancy, monitor pregnant women with suspected or confirmed Zika virus infection, and follow up to track adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes.
7. Rapid Birth Defects Monitoring and Follow-up
To ensure rapid detection of microcephaly, other major birth defects, and other disabilities that might be associated with Zika virus infection and to plan for adequate services for these children and their families.
8. Travel Health News
To ensure travelers to areas with locally transmitted Zika virus receive appropriate information regarding risks and protection measures.
9. Clinician Outreach and Communication
To inform healthcare providers on the risks, recognition, diagnosis, reporting, clinical management, outcomes, and prevention of Zika virus infections.
10. Risk Communication/Community Education
To inform the public about Zika virus and related birth defects or illnesses, especially microcephaly and other harmful effects to pregnant women and their fetuses.
These are comprehensive goals designed to maximize information gather and act based on the information. It encourages the public to participate in measures that protect themselves and others.