Carl Struwe was a German graphic designer who became fascinated by the pattens in nature, especially those made visible by the microscope. His first “microscope art” was from the jaw of a whale in 1926. Subsequently, he photographed other subjects including butterflies and cockroaches.
Struwe is considered by many to be the “Father of Microphotography as Art”. Struwe constructed a rectangular mask to produce rectangular images in the format of portraits rather than use the round format of the microscope lens. Struwe was not well known outside of Germany in his early career. Many of his original photographs were lost during the bombing of his studio in Bielefeld, Germany during WWII.
280 photographs taken between 1926 and 1959 are published in a book Formen des Mikrokosmos (Forms of the Microcosmos). Today, his prints are part of art collections in prominent North American and European museums.