Heard A Mile Away

grasshopper

Bladder Grasshopper, Bullacris membracioides

The Bladder Grasshopper of South Africa, Bullacris membracioides, has a sound detection system that can detect mating calls at great distance. This grasshopper does not have a tympanum like many of the grasshopper species. Instead it has a series of 12 chordotonal organs in the first 6 segments of its abdomen (one on each side). The organs in the first abdominal segment are the most sensitive: each contains 2000 sensilla. The posterior five pairs contain only 11 sensilla and are less sensitive, detecting sounds of 60 db at about of 100 meters.

In these grasshoppers, both the males and the females call as part of their mate finding behavior. However, the females will only call if the posterior receptors detect a male. This limits calling by females until she is within 100 meter of the males and limits the ability of predators and parasitoids to eavesdrop.

MOIRA J. VAN STAADEN, MICHAEL RIESER, SWIDBERT R. OTT, MARIA A. PABST AND HEINER ROMER. (2003) Serial Hearing Organs in the Atympanate Grasshopper Bullacris membracioides. THE JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY 465:579–592.

About jjneal

Jonathan Neal is an Associate Professor of Entomology at Purdue University and author of the textbook, Living With Insects (2010). This blog is a forum to communicate about the intersection of insects with people and policy. This is a personal blog. The opinions and materials posted here are those of the author and are in no way connected with those of my employer.
This entry was posted in behavior, communication. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Heard A Mile Away

  1. Pingback: Heard A Mile Away – Entomo Planet

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s