Living With Lyme Disease Expansion

Rash

Classic Bulls-eye Rash Indicates Lyme Disease

Reports of Lyme Disease cases in the United States have increased over the last 2 decades. Lyme Disease is the most prevalent tick borne disease of humans in the US. In infected people, Lyme disease invades tissues of the body. The pathogen itself is not present in blood, making it difficult to detect. Tests for Lyme Disease markers have improved and better diagnosis may be one reason behind the “expansion”. However, studies of both tick abundance and disease incidence suggests that the tick vector, Ixodes scapularis, is expanding its geographical range and increase in Lyme cases is correlated with geographic expansion of the tick into new areas.

In the upper Midwest, Lyme has historically been prevalent in Wisconsin and Minnesota. A multi year study* has documented an expansion of both the tick and Lyme Disease in Michigan. In many regions, conditions are ripe for large tick populations due to a increase in wild rodent hosts of the ticks. Those who visit the woods this summer should consider the use of a tick repellent. With Lyme disease, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

*Paul M. Lantos Jean Tsao Lise E. Nigrovic Paul G. Auwaerter Vance G. Fowler Felicia Ruffin Erik Foster & Graham Hickling. Geographic Expansion of Lyme Disease in Michigan, 2000–2014. Open Forum Infect Dis (2017) 4 (1): ofw269.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofw269

About jjneal

Jonathan Neal is an Associate Professor of Entomology at Purdue University and author of the textbook, Living With Insects (2010). This blog is a forum to communicate about the intersection of insects with people and policy. This is a personal blog. The opinions and materials posted here are those of the author and are in no way connected with those of my employer.
This entry was posted in by jjneal, Environment, Health. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Living With Lyme Disease Expansion

  1. Pingback: Living With Lyme Disease Expansion – Entomo Planet

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s