The factors with the greatest influence on mosquito population are precipitation and vegetation. Poor neighborhoods have more abandoned buildings with standing water. They have less good trash removal. These create areas where water stands for long periods. Standard sanitation measures such as removal of trash that can contain water and maintenance of unoccupied buildings can reduce standing water and mosquito populations.
In wealthy neighborhoods, containers for plantings provide temporary breeding sites for mosquitoes that can generate substantial numbers of adults. Proper containers and management could reduce population is wealthy areas. Both poor and rich neighborhoods have more vegetation than moderate income neighborhoods. Moderate income neighborhoods have more lawn and fewer plants. Wealthy neighborhoods have more ornamental plantings. Poor neighborhoods have vacant lots with unplanned plant growth. All vegetation is not equally good mosquito habitat. The study recommends more data to better define areas where treatment could be most effective.
E. Little, D. Biehler, P. T. Leisnham, R. Jordan, S. Wilson & S. L. LaDeau. Socio-Ecological Mechanisms Supporting High Densities of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Baltimore, MD.
J Med Entomol 12 June 2017.