Category Archives: Environment

Living With Amino Acid Balance

Amino acids are limiting nutrients for growth, development, reproduction and fecundity of most insects. Many insects are adapted to grow and develop on foods that are deficient in essential amino acids or diets with protein and amino acid content far less … Continue reading

Posted in Biomaterials, by jjneal, Environment | 1 Comment

Living With Gut Microbes

All animals have microbes in the gut. Some animals have dozens of different bacteria, but others have only a few. The typical honey bee adult worker has in its gut about 1 billion bacteria but only 8 types. These bacteria … Continue reading

Posted in Biomaterials, by jjneal, Environment | 1 Comment

Keeping An Open Channel

In plants, most sugar is transported in the phloem passing through units stacked the length of the plant called sieve tubes. Each sieve tube contains valves that can open or block flow of sugar.  The valves are formed by proteins … Continue reading

Posted in Biomaterials, by jjneal, Environment | 1 Comment

Living With Black Soldier Flies

Black soldier flies are attracting substantial interest for their activity as composters, animal and fish feed. Livestock operations have waste that attracts nuisance flies. Black soldier flies can compete for the same food but are not pests as adults. Replacing the … Continue reading

Posted in behavior, by jjneal, Environment | 1 Comment

Living With Almond Production

California almond trees are in bloom from February through early March. To produce an almond, each flower must be visited by a honey bee or other pollinator. It is estimated that as many as two thirds of all the commercial … Continue reading

Posted in by jjneal, Environment | 2 Comments

Living With “Dirty” Water

Honey bees do not prefer their water too clean. Like many herbivorous insects, honey bees do not get enough sodium by eating pollen and nectar. They prefer water that contains sodium over deionized water.  Sodium is commonly found in mud … Continue reading

Posted in behavior, by jjneal, Environment | 1 Comment

A Hairy Entanglement

The larvae of the ant Camponotus floridanus, have bodies that are covered with curly hairs. When larvae contact each other, their hairs interlock causing the larvae to clump. The hairs also allow the larvae to avoid drowning.  Camponotus larvae will float … Continue reading

Posted in behavior, by jjneal, Environment, Taxonomy | 1 Comment